Greenhouse Effect | National Geographic Society (2023)

global warmingdescribes the current increase on averageTemperaturethe air and oceans of the earth. Global warming is often cited as the latest example of thisclimate change.

EarthClimatehas changed several times. Our planet has gone throughseveral ice ages, in whichice sheetsandglaciercovered large parts of the earth. It has also gone through interglacial periods where temperatures were higher than today.

Earlier changes in Earth's temperature happened very slowly, over hundreds of thousands of years. However, the recent warming trend is happening much faster than ever before. Natural cycles of heating and cooling are insufficient to explain the magnitude of the warming we have experienced in such a short time - only human activities can account for it. Scientists fear that the climate is changing faster than some living thingsto adjustto.

1988 became theWorld Meteorological Organizationand theUnited Nations Environment Program establishedacommitteevonThe climatologist,The meteorologist,geographers, and other scientists from around the world. ThisIntergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)includes thousands of scientists reviewing the most up-to-date informationresearchavailable in the context of global warming and climate change. The IPCCratedthe risk of climate change caused by human activities.

According to the IPCC's most recent report (from 2007), average surface temperatures on Earth have increased by about 0.74 degrees Celsius (1.33 degrees Fahrenheit) over the past 100 years. The increase is greater in the northlatitudes. The IPCC also found that land regions are warming faster than oceans. The IPCC states that most temperatures have risen since the mid-20th centurycenturyis likely due to human activity.

Thatgreenhouse effect
Human activities contribute to global warming byGlasshouseEffect. The greenhouse effect occurs when certain gases - known asgreenhouse gases- collect in the groundthe atmosphere. These gases that occur naturally in the atmosphere includecarbon dioxide,methane,nitrogenoxide andfluorinatedGases sometimes known as chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs).

(Video) Global Warming 101 | National Geographic

Greenhouse gases allow sunlight to shine on the Earth's surface, but they trap heat, which is reflected back into the atmosphere. This makes them look like the insulating glass walls of a greenhouse. The greenhouse effect ensures a pleasant climate on earth. Without them, surface temperatures would be about 33 degrees Celsius (60 degrees Fahrenheit) cooler, and many life forms wouldfreeze.

Since theIndustrial RevolutionIn the late 1700s and early 1800s, humans released large amounts of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. This amount hasshot upin the past century. greenhouse gasemissionsincreased by 70 percent between 1970 and 2004. Emissions of carbon dioxide, the most important greenhouse gas, have increased by around 80 percent over this period. The amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere today far exceeds the natural range of the past 650,000 years.

Most of the carbon dioxide that humans put into the atmosphere comes from combustionfossil fuelssuch asoil,Money, andnatural gas. Cars, trucks, trains and planes are all on fireFossilfuels. Many electrpower plantsalso burn fossil fuels.

Another way humans release carbon dioxide into the atmosphere is by reducing itforests. This happens for two reasons.decayingPlant matter, including trees, releases tons of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. Living trees absorb carbon dioxide. Ofdecreasingthe number of trees to absorb carbon dioxide, the gas remains in the atmosphere.

Most of the methane in the atmosphere comes fromcattle Agriculture,landfills, and fossil fuel production such as coal mining and natural gas processing.laughing gascomes fromAgrartechnikand burning fossil fuels.

Fluorinated gases include chlorofluorocarbons,hydrochlorofluorocarbons, and fluorocarbons. These greenhouse gases are used inspray cansand cooling.

(Video) Causes and Effects of Climate Change | National Geographic

All of this human activity adds greenhouse gases to the atmosphere, trapping more heat than usual and contributing to global warming.

Effects of global warming
Even small increases in average global temperatures can have a huge impact. Perhaps the largest and most obvious effect is that glaciers andpolar capsmelts faster than usual. Thatmelt waterdrains into the oceans and causesSea levelto rise and oceans to become less salty.

Ice sheets and glaciers naturally advance and retreat. As the Earth's temperature has changed, the ice sheets have grown and contracted, and sea levels have fallen and risen.Alt coralsfound on land in Florida, Bermuda and the Bahamas show that 130,000 years ago sea levels must have been five to six meters (16-20 feet) higher than they are today. The earth doesn't have to get very hot to melt the glaciers. Northern summers at the time of these ancient fossils were only three to five degrees Celsius (five to nine degrees Fahrenheit) warmer than they are today.

However, the speed at which global warming is taking placeunprecedented. The effects are unknown.

Glaciers and ice caps cover about 10 percent of the earthLandmassetoday. They contain about 75 percent of the world's fresh water. If all of that ice melted, sea levels would rise about 70 meters (230 feet). The IPCC reported that global sea levels rose by about 1.8 millimeters (0.07 in) per year from 1961 to 1993 and by 3.1 millimeters (0.12 in) per year since 1993.

Rising sea levels could lead to floodingCoastalcommunities and displaced millions of people in areas such as Bangladesh, the Netherlands and the US state of Florida. ForcedMigrationwould have an impact not only on these areas but also on the regions where the "climate refugeesescape. Millions more people in countries like Bolivia, Peru and India depend on glacial meltwater for drinking.irrigation, andHydropower. A rapid loss of these glaciers woulddevastatethese countries.

(Video) What Is the Greenhouse Effect?

Glacier melt has already slightly raised global sea levels. However, scientists are discovering ways sea levels could rise even faster. For example, the melting of the Chacaltaya Glacier in Bolivia has exposed dark rocks underneath. The stones absorb the heat of the sun, thus speeding up the melting process.

Many scientists use the term "climate change" instead of "global warming". After all, greenhouse gas emissions do not just affect temperature. Another effect concerns changes inprecipitationlike rain andsnow. Precipitation patterns may change or become more extreme. During the 20th century, precipitation increased in the eastern parts of North and South America, northern Europe, and northern and central Asia. However, it has declined in parts of Africa, the Mediterranean, and parts of southern Asia.

Future Changes
No one can look into a crystal ball and predict the future with certainty. However, scientists can make estimates about future population growth, greenhouse gas emissions, and other factors affecting climate. You can enter these estimates into the computermodelsto find out the most likely effects of global warming.

The IPCC forecasts that greenhouse gas emissions will continue to increase in the coming yearsdecades. As a result, they predict the average global temperature will rise by about 0.2 degrees Celsius (0.36 degrees Fahrenheit) per decade. Even if we reduce greenhouse gas and aerosol emissions to 2000 levels, we can still expect warming of about 0.1 degrees Celsius (0.18 degrees Fahrenheit) per decade.

The panel also predicts that global warming will contribute to some serious changes in water supplies around the world. By the middle of the 21st century, the IPCC predicts a flowflow awayand water availability will most likely increase at high latitudes and in sometropicalareas. However, many arid regions in the mid-latitudes and tropics will experience declining water resources.

As a result, millions of people may be exposed to itWater scarcity. Water scarcity reduces the amount of water available for drinking,electricity, andHygiene. Bottlenecks also reduce water use for irrigation. Agricultural production would slow and food prices would rise.Consistentlyyears fromdrynessin themGreat Plainsof the United States and Canada would have that effect.


IPCCDataalso suggest that the frequency ofheat wavesand extreme precipitation will conditionssuch asstormsand tropicalcyclonesgets more intense. Storms themselves can be stronger, more frequent, and last longer. You would be followed by stronger onesstorm surges, the immediate rise in sea level after storms. Storm surges are particularly damaging to coastal areas because their effects (floods,Erosion, damage to buildings and crops) are lasting.

What we can do
Reducing our greenhouse gas emissions is acriticalStep to slow global warming trend. Many governments around the world are working towards this goal.

The biggest effort so far has beenKyoto-Protokoll, which was adopted in 1997 and came into force in 2005. By the end of 2009, 187 countries had signed and ratified the agreement. Under theProtocol, 37 developed countries and theEuropean Unionhave committed to reducing their greenhouse gas emissions.

There are several ways governments, industries and individuals can reduce greenhouse gases. We can improveenergy efficiencyin homes and businesses. We can improve itfuel efficiencyof cars and other vehicles. We can also support the development of alternative energy sources, such assolar powerandBiofuelsthat do not burn fossil fuels.

Some scientists are working to capture carbon dioxide and store it underground instead of releasing it into the atmosphere. This process is calledcarbon sequestration.

Trees and other plants absorb carbon dioxide as they grow. Protecting existing forests and planting new forests can help offset greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.

(Video) The Green Effect | National Geographic

Changes in cultivation methods could also reduce greenhouse gas emissions. For example, farms use large amounts of nitrogenfertilizer, which increase nitrogen oxide emissions from the ground. Reducing the use of these fertilizers would reduce the amount of this greenhouse gas in the atmosphere.

The way farmers treat animalsfertilizecan also affect global warming. If manure is stored as a liquid ormudin ponds or tanks it releases methane. However, when it dries as a solid, it does not.

Reducing greenhouse gas emissions isvitalimportant. However, the global temperature has already changed and will most likely continue to change in the coming years. The IPCC suggests that people are looking for ways to adapt to global warming and try to slow or stop it. Some of the customization suggestions are:


What is the greenhouse effect answers? ›

The greenhouse effect is the way in which heat is trapped close to Earth's surface by “greenhouse gases.” These heat-trapping gases can be thought of as a blanket wrapped around Earth, keeping the planet toastier than it would be without them.

What causes the greenhouse effect answers? ›

greenhouse effect, a warming of Earth's surface and troposphere (the lowest layer of the atmosphere) caused by the presence of water vapour, carbon dioxide, methane, and certain other gases in the air. Of those gases, known as greenhouse gases, water vapour has the largest effect.

How does the greenhouse effect impact society? ›

Effects of greenhouse gases

They cause climate change by trapping heat, and they also contribute to respiratory disease from smog and air pollution. Extreme weather, food supply disruptions, and increased wildfires are other effects of climate change caused by greenhouse gases.

How does the greenhouse effect influence the climate on Earth choose the best possible answer Group of answer choices? ›

Greenhouse gases let the sun's light shine onto Earth's surface, but they trap the heat that reflects back up into the atmosphere. In this way, they act like the insulating glass walls of a greenhouse. The greenhouse effect keeps Earth's climate comfortable.

What is the result of the greenhouse effect quizlet? ›

The greenhouse effect is a process in which the warming of earth takes place, mostly as a result of excess greenhouse gases, which enclose and trap energy that would have otherwise left earth.

What are 3 causes of the greenhouse effect? ›

What are the major causes of the greenhouse effect? Burning of fossil fuels, deforestation, farming and livestock production all contribute to the greenhouse effect. Industries and factories also play a major role in the release of greenhouse gases.

What is the biggest cause of the greenhouse effect? ›

CO2 accounts for about 76 percent of total greenhouse gas emissions. Methane, primarily from agriculture, contributes 16 percent of greenhouse gas emissions and nitrous oxide, mostly from industry and agriculture, contributes 6 percent to global emissions.

What are the two main causes of greenhouse? ›

Human activities are responsible for almost all of the increase in greenhouse gases in the atmosphere over the last 150 years. The largest source of greenhouse gas emissions from human activities in the United States is from burning fossil fuels for electricity, heat, and transportation.

Is The greenhouse effect good or bad? ›

The greenhouse effect is good because it allows our atmosphere to hold heat, providing temperatures that support life on Earth. Without the greenhouse effect, our atmosphere would not be able to retain infrared light and would be incredibly cold, much like the surface of Mercury.

What is the conclusion of greenhouse effect? ›

What is the conclusion of global warming? Nonetheless the conclusion is that regional climate changes, especially temperature increases, are impacting natural systems across the world and that these temperature increases are most likely to be the result of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions.

Which greenhouse gases has the biggest impact on climate change? ›

Indeed, carbon dioxide, a byproduct of fossil fuel combustion, is the principal greenhouse gas contributing to global warming. However, other greenhouse gases including methane, nitrous oxide, and a number of industrial-process gases also are important contributors to climate change.

How does the greenhouse effect happen and why does it contribute to global warming? ›

The greenhouse effect is a process that occurs when gases in Earth's atmosphere trap the Sun's heat. This process makes Earth much warmer than it would be without an atmosphere. The greenhouse effect is one of the things that makes Earth a comfortable place to live.

How does the greenhouse effect contribute to climate change *? ›

The greenhouse effect helps trap heat from the sun, which keeps the temperature on earth comfortable. But people's activities are increasing the amount of heat-trapping greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, causing the earth to warm up.

What are 10 things we can change to reduce greenhouse effect? ›

How You Can Help Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions at Home
  • Get a home energy audit.
  • Use Renewable energy.
  • Purchase Solar Panels.
  • Buy Green Tags.
  • Purchase Carbon offsets.
  • Adjust your thermostat.
  • Install solar lights.
  • Use energy-saving light bulbs.
Sep 16, 2021

Which is the best example of the greenhouse effect? ›

One example of the greenhouse effect that most of us experience in everyday life is the warming of a car's interior when the vehicle is left out in the sun. You've probably noticed that your car is always much hotter inside than the outside temperature if it's been sitting there for a while.

What is greenhouse effect advantages and disadvantages? ›

S. NoAdvantages of the Greenhouse effectDisadvantages of the Greenhouse effect
3.Greenhouse gases protect us from dangerous solar radiation. Ozone, one of the major greenhouse gas acts as a shield against UV rays entering the Earth.They cause climate change. Extreme weather conditions are one outcome of global warming.
2 more rows

Which gas causes greenhouse effect? ›

The main greenhouse gases whose concentrations are rising are carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) and ozone in the lower atmosphere.

Who is the biggest polluter in the world? ›

China was the biggest emitter of carbon dioxide (CO₂) emissions in 2021, accounting for nearly 31 percent of the global emissions. The world's top five largest polluters were responsible for roughly 60 percent of global CO₂ emissions in 2021.

What is the importance of greenhouse? ›

A greenhouse is a safe haven for plants. It reduces the accessibility of insects and animals that have the potential to damage or destroy your plants. This greenhouse environment reduces exposure to extreme weather conditions such as torrential rain and droughts.

How can we reduce greenhouse gases? ›

Most greenhouse gases come from human activities, like burning fossil fuels for transportation or energy.
  1. Share a ride with others, carpool, or take a bus.
  2. Telecommute.
  3. Ride your bike.
  4. Don't let your car idle.
  5. Fly less.
  6. Be the first on your block to buy a Zero Emissions Vehicle (ZEV).

What are the 3 main types of greenhouse? ›

Generally speaking, there are three types of greenhouses: lean-to, detached, and ridge and furrow or gutter connected (Figure 1). Few lean-to greenhouses are used for commercial production because of limitations in size.

How does greenhouse effect work? ›

The greenhouse effect is a natural process that warms the Earth's surface. When the Sun's energy reaches the Earth's atmosphere, some of it is reflected back to space and some is absorbed and re-radiated by greenhouse gases.

Is greenhouse effect and global warming same? ›

Global warming is the change in the climate of the earth causing it to heat up whereas the greenhouse effect is a naturally occurring phenomena, constantly occurring due to the atmosphere and sunlight.

What is greenhouse effect in short essay? ›

The greenhouse effect is a natural phenomenon. Due to wrong human activities such as clearing forests, burning fossil fuels, releasing industrial gas in the atmosphere, etc., the emission of greenhouse gases is increasing. Thus, this has, in turn, resulted in global warming.

What are the 4 greenhouse effect explain it in your own words? ›

The gases in the earth's atmosphere that collects heat and light from the sun are called greenhouse gases. The greenhouse gases are carbon dioxide( ), methane ( ), and water vapour. This increase in the temperature of the surroundings is responsible for the greenhouse effect or global warming.

Which gas is most responsible for global warming? ›

Carbon Dioxide Emissions. Carbon dioxide (CO2) is the primary greenhouse gas emitted through human activities. In 2020, CO2 accounted for about 79% of all U.S. greenhouse gas emissions from human activities.

Which gas is not responsible for global warming? ›

Acetylene doesn't trap the heat that enters the Atmosphere like other Green House gases such as Methane, Carbon dioxide, Sulphur etc. hence, it doesn't contribute to Global Warming.

What is the biggest contributor to global warming? ›

Fossil fuels – coal, oil and gas – are by far the largest contributor to global climate change, accounting for over 75 per cent of global greenhouse gas emissions and nearly 90 per cent of all carbon dioxide emissions. As greenhouse gas emissions blanket the Earth, they trap the sun's heat.

How much do greenhouse gases contribute to climate change? ›

The effect of greenhouse gases

Carbon dioxide is responsible for 53% of the level of global warming. It is the result of processes such as fuel use, deforestation and production of cement and other materials.

What is the greenhouse effect example? ›

Greenhouse Effect Example

Bright sunlight will effectively warm your car on a cold, clear day by the greenhouse effect. The longer infrared wavelengths radiated by sun-warmed objects do not pass readily through the glass. The entrapment of this energy warms the interior of the vehicle.

What causes the greenhouse effect? ›

Human Activity Is the Cause of Increased Greenhouse Gas Concentrations. Over the last century, burning of fossil fuels like coal and oil has increased the concentration of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2). This increase happens because the coal or oil burning process combines carbon with oxygen in the air to make CO2.

What is the greenhouse effect Quizizz? ›

What is the greenhouse effect? The warming of a planet due to trapped radiation.

What is a greenhouse gas simple definition? ›

Greenhouse gases (also known as GHGs) are gases in the earth's atmosphere that trap heat. During the day, the sun shines through the atmosphere, warming the earth's surface. At night the earth's surface cools, releasing heat back into the air. But some of the heat is trapped by the greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.

What are the 3 main causes of global warming? ›

Causes of global warming
  • carbon pollution.
  • climate change.
  • energy.

What is the biggest cause of greenhouse gases? ›

The largest source of greenhouse gas emissions from human activities in the United States is from burning fossil fuels for electricity, heat, and transportation. EPA tracks total U.S. emissions by publishing the Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks.

What is greenhouse effect and its impact on global warming? ›

The greenhouse effect: some of the infrared radiation from the Sun passes through the atmosphere, but most is absorbed and re-emitted in all directions by greenhouse gas molecules and clouds. The effect of this is to warm the Earth's surface and the lower atmosphere.

What is the greenhouse effect and how does it affect global warming? ›

The greenhouse effect helps trap heat from the sun, which keeps the temperature on earth comfortable. But people's activities are increasing the amount of heat-trapping greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, causing the earth to warm up.

What is greenhouse effect Brainly answer? ›

Answer: 1 The greenhouse effect or greenhouse effect is a physical process that occurs when a part of the infrared radiation (perceived as heat) is emitted by the Earth's surface and absorbed by certain gases present in the atmosphere, the so-called greenhouse gases or greenhouse gases. .

What is greenhouse gas in one sentence? ›

Greenhouse gases are gases in Earth's atmosphere that trap heat. They let sunlight pass through the atmosphere, but they prevent the heat that the sunlight brings from leaving the atmosphere. The main greenhouse gases are: Water vapor. Carbon dioxide.

What are the 4 main greenhouse gases? ›

The Earth has a natural greenhouse effect due to trace amounts of water vapour (H2O), carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) in the atmosphere.


1. Air Pollution 101 | National Geographic
(National Geographic)
2. Global Warming 101 | National Geographic
(National Geographic)
3. What are greenhouse gases and how do they contribute to climate change?
(CBS News)
4. Climate Change 101 with Bill Nye | National Geographic
(National Geographic)
5. 6 Greenhouse Effect v4 0
(Royal Meteorological Society (RMetS))
6. Ano ang Greenhouse Effect? | Tanaw Episode #5


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